The first documents about the Spergola vine dates back to XV century, when Bianca Cappello, Grand-Duchess of Tuscany, described this quality as having “winged” grapes, because the bigger ones are usually accompanied by smaller grapes, similar to a little wing.

The word Spergola refers both to the wine and to the secular locally-grown vine from which it is obtained. This quality is typical of Scandiano surroundings and has small, green-yellow grapes.
During the Renaissance, Spergola was a pretty famous wine, served during the banquets of aristocracy and at the Estense court. As time passed, probably influenced by adverse weather conditions, the Spergola vine variety almost disappeared, becoming a wild plant.

Only in recent times thanks to the extraordinary commitment of four wine producers, united in The Company of Spergola, this vine has finally been awarded the title of Registered Municipal Designation of Origin (De.Co).